At the TWI Institute, we always work with the people who actually do the jobs, whether it’s Job Instruction, Job Relations, Job Methods, or Job Safety. The reason we do that is because that is where valuable ideas are. One of the reasons that Job Methods (JM) is so useful as part of a healthy suggestion program is that it engages the people on the job in thinking about and identifying improvements utilizing the Manpower, Materials and Machines now available.
In a recent article published by West Central Initiative entitled Workforce Training: Donnelly Custom Manufacturing (http://www.wcif.org/?page=donnelly_story), Sara Asp Olson wrote:
“One of the most notable successes in Donnelly’s TWI journey is in the area of Job Methods.
In the years since Donnelly implemented the Job Methods program, the company went from just a handful of employee suggestions in 2006 to 1,600 Job Methods Improvement ideas in 2009. What’s more, about 97 per cent of the submitted suggestions were adopted.”
Referencing Donnelly’s President Ron Kirscht and Director of Advanced Manufacturing Sam Wagner, Ms. Olson wrote “As suggestions and improvements continue to rise with each shift, Wagner and Kirscht notice the culture on the floor changing, even among those employees who have not yet completed Job Methods training.” Quoting Sam Wagner “‘It really struck me as a reminder of the power and the enthusiasm that people have for coming up with and implementing their ideas’.”
“ ‘Big improvement ideas – like buying a central drying system – competitors can do that’ says Kirscht. ‘But these little ideas that your employees come up with every day, those are the things your competitors can’t copy; and those are the things that give you a sustained, competitive advantage.’ “
The following story illustrates why it is so important to ask the people on the floor, and then LISTEN:
A toothpaste factory had a problem: they sometimes shipped empty boxes, without the tube inside. This was due to the way the production line was set up, and people with experience in designing production lines will tell you how difficult it is to have everything happen with timing so precise that every single unit coming out of it is perfect 100% of the time. Small variations in the environment (which can’t be controlled in a cost-effective fashion) mean you must have quality assurance checks smartly distributed across the line so that customers all the way down to the supermarket don’t get mad and buy another product instead.
Understanding how important that was, the CEO of the toothpaste factory got the top people in the company together and they decided to start a new project, in which they would hire an external engineering company to solve their empty boxes problem, as their engineering department was already too stretched to take on any extra effort.
The project followed the usual process: budget and project sponsor allocated, RFP, third-parties selected, and six months (and $8 million) later they had a fantastic solution — on time, on budget, high quality and everyone in the project had a great time.
They solved the problem by using high-tech precision scales that would sound a bell and flash lights whenever a toothpaste box would weigh less than it should. The line would stop, and someone had to walk over and yank the defective box out of it, pressing another button when done to re-start the line.
A while later, the CEO decides to have a look at the ROI of the project: amazing results! No empty boxes ever shipped out of the factory after the scales were put in place. Very few customer complaints, and they were gaining market share. “That’s some money well spent!” – he said, before looking closely at the other statistics in the report.
It turns out, the number of defects picked up by the scales was zero after three weeks of production use. It should have been picking up at least a dozen a day, so maybe there was something wrong with the report. He filed a bug against it, and after some investigation, the engineers come back saying the report was actually correct. The scales really weren’t picking up any defects, because all boxes that got to that point in the conveyor belt were good.
Puzzled, the CEO travels down to the factory, and walks up to the part of the line where the precision scales were installed. A few feet before the scale, there was a $20 desk fan, blowing the empty boxes out of the belt and into a bin.
“Oh, that,” says one of the workers “one of the guys put it there ’cause he was tired of walking over every time the bell rang”.
People on the shop floor can frequently figure out the easiest way to get the job done, if they are supported and given the chance. Job Methods Improvement (JM) is a simple but powerful and time-tested vehicle to build an organization that doesn’t have to wait for Kaizen events to identify and implement improvements.